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Mains Answer Writing

One of the key components of these exams is the written test, which consists of a number of essay and comprehension questions. Candidates are expected to write clear and well-structured answers that demonstrate their knowledge and understanding of the topics being tested.

19-July-2023

Q. Despite their limited success, the role of peasant and tribal movements in Indian independence is inescapable. Discuss(150 words)

Answer:

Introduction

The 17th and 18th centuries witnessed many peasant uprisings against the ruling class. The imposition of a high land revenue demand by the state, corrupt practices and the harsh attitude of the tax-collecting officials were some of the many reasons that provoked the peasants to revolt.

Reason for limited success:

  1. No feeling of Nationalism: The Idea of India existed culturally and politically. However, people were more interested in
  2. Lack of awareness: Peasants and tribal were generally poor, illiterate people. They did not understand the true nature of Colonialism.
  3. Prior experience of British force: British was the most powerful colonial force of that time. They have fought many wars and suppressed such movements.
  4. Local in nature: Movement leaders thought that the Britishers would leave their region once they defeated the British. At that time British was not in a position to accept the defeat of some peasants.
  5. Limited resources: Peasants and tribals had limited resources regarding organised military, modern weapons, intelligence etc.
  6. Strong intelligence network: They had a strong information network worldwide.

The role of peasant and tribal movements in Indian independence is inescapable:

  1. Promote cohesion in society:
    • In 1859 Digamber Biswas and Bishnu Biswas refused to grow indigo; in the same period, Bengali Intelligentsia played a vital role, such as supporting the campaign, organising a mass meeting, and Preparing a memorandum for Pleasant.
  2. Comped Britishers to enact laws to regulate the issues:
    • In 1885 Bengali Tenancy Act was passed.
    • The Deccan Agriculturists Relief Act was passed in 1879.
  3. It created unrest against the British: They inspired the Indian masses hugely, and many famous civilians and other revolts took place after their uprisings, temporarily relieving the colonial wound.

Conclusion:

Though peasant and tribal revolts couldn’t make enough impact in society, they sustained the fire of resistance against the British, which was fruitful in the future movements led by an educated class who understood the British colonial ways.

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