Topic: GS2 – Indian polity.
- The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has taken cognisance of an incident involving the death of a five-year-old boy.
- The boy tragically lost his life after an iron gate fell on him.
- In response to this incident, the NHRC has issued notices to key authorities, including the DDA Vice-Chairman, Delhi Chief Secretary, and Police Commissioner.
The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC):
The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) is a statutory body established under the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. It is an independent body that investigates allegations of human rights violations and makes recommendations to the government for remedial action.
Functions of the NHRC:
- To inquire into complaints of violation of human rights or neglect of duties and responsibilities by public servants.
- To recommend measures for their effective implementation.
- To promote awareness and protection of human rights.
- To review the safeguards provided by or under the Constitution or any law for the protection of human rights and to recommend measures for their improvement.
- To take any other step as may be deemed necessary or expedient for the promotion of human rights and for the protection of human rights.
The NHRC is a quasi-judicial body, meaning that it has the powers of a civil court to summon witnesses, examine documents, and receive evidence on oath.
The NHRC has a wide range of powers to investigate human rights violations, including:
- The power to summon witnesses and examine documents.
- The power to receive evidence on oath.
- The power to visit any jail or other place of detention.
- The power to call for reports from the government and other authorities.
The NHRC can make a variety of recommendations to the government for remedial action, including:
- Recommendations for compensation to victims of human rights violations.
- Recommendations for disciplinary action against public servants who are responsible for human rights violations.
- Recommendations for changes to laws and policies to prevent future human rights violations.
The NHRC has played a significant role in promoting and protecting human rights in India. It has investigated a wide range of human rights violations, including:
- Extrajudicial killings by the police.
- Torture and ill-treatment of detainees.
- Discrimination against women and minorities.
- Violations of the rights of children and workers.