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PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU

31-Oct -2023

1. Vice President calls upon education institutions to be crucible of change in society.

Topic: GS3 – Education sector

Context:

  • Vice President Jagdeep Dhankar emphasized the importance of education as a powerful tool for societal change during an interaction with faculty and students at Cotton University in Guwahati.
  • He urged educational institutions to be catalysts for change through innovation, research, and out-of-the-box thinking.
  • Dhankar highlighted that quality education can help bridge inequalities and combat inequities.

Role of education institutions in bringing change to society:

  • Knowledge Dissemination: Education institutions share information and skills with students.
  • Critical Thinking: They teach students to think deeply and analytically.
  • Research and Innovation: Institutions contribute to progress through research.
  • Social Awareness: They educate on societal challenges.
  • Values and Ethics: They instill moral principles in students.
  • Equality and Inclusion: Institutions promote diversity and fairness.
  • Cultural Preservation: They safeguard cultural heritage.
  • Community Engagement: Schools collaborate with local communities.
  • Empowerment: Education empowers individuals.
  • Global Perspective: They offer a worldwide outlook for students.

Issues with Indian education institutions:

  • Rote Learning: Overemphasis on memorization hinders critical thinking and creativity.
  • Outdated Curriculum: The curriculum often lags behind industry needs and global trends.
  • Inequality: Unequal access to quality education perpetuates social disparities.
  • Lack of Infrastructure: Many schools lack proper facilities and resources.
  • Teacher Quality: Inconsistent teacher quality affects learning outcomes.
  • Standardized Testing Pressure: Excessive focus on exams leads to stress and stifles holistic development.
  • Overcrowding: Many schools are overcrowded, compromising the learning environment.
  • Language Barriers: Language of instruction can be a barrier for some students.
  • Gender Disparities: Gender bias can limit opportunities for girls.
  • Lack of Practical Skills: Limited emphasis on practical skills and real-world application.

Way forward:

  • Curriculum Reform: Update curricula to align with modern needs and emphasize critical thinking and practical skills.
  • Teacher Training: Invest in teacher development programs to improve instructional quality.
  • Digital Integration: Incorporate technology for accessible and interactive learning.
  • Equal Access: Ensure equal educational opportunities for all, addressing gender and socioeconomic disparities.
  • Assessment Reforms: Move beyond rote testing to more comprehensive evaluation methods.
  • Multilingual Education: Promote bilingual or multilingual education to bridge language gaps.
  • Holistic Development: Encourage extracurricular activities and character building.
  • Industry Collaboration: Foster partnerships with industries to align education with job market demands.
  • Research Investment: Invest in research and innovation within education.
  • Parental Involvement: Engage parents in their children’s education and decision-making processes.

Question: Discuss the key challenges faced by Indian education institutions and propose strategic measures for reform in a changing global landscape. 

Source: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1973088 

 

2. CVC observes Vigilance Awareness Week 2023 from 30th Oct-5th Nov, 2023.

Topic: GS2 – Indian polity

Context:

  • The Central Vigilance Commission is marking Vigilance Awareness Week 2023 between October 30th and November 5th, 2023.

About this news:

  • Theme: “Say no to corruption; commit to the Nation, भ्रष्टाचार का विरोध करें; राष्ट्र के प्रति समर्पित रहें”
  • Vigilance Awareness Week 2023: October 30th to November 5th, 2023
  • Inauguration: The week started with the administration of the integrity pledge to Commission officials.
  • Objective: The week aims to raise awareness about the importance of combating corruption and promoting commitment to the nation.

Central Vigilance Commission:

Central Vigilance Commission (CVC):

  • Apex vigilance institution in India.
  • Responsible for overseeing and monitoring all vigilance activities in the Central Government.
  • Advises the Central Government on matters relating to corruption prevention.
  • Established in 1964.
  • Given statutory status in 2003 through the Central Vigilance Commission Act, 2003.

Functions of CVC:

  • Oversees and monitors the vigilance activities of all Central Government Ministries and Departments.
  • Investigates complaints of corruption against Central Government employees.
  • Advises the Central Government on matters relating to corruption prevention.
  • Reviews and modifies procedures and guidelines to eliminate or minimize opportunities for corruption.
  • Recommends disciplinary action against Central Government employees who are found guilty of corruption.

Question: In the context of India, discuss the role and significance of the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) in maintaining integrity and combating corruption in public administration.

Multiple-choice question:

Which of the following statements regarding the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) and its functions are accurate?

 

  1. The CVC is a constitutional body with powers to investigate and prosecute cases of corruption at the state and central levels.
  2. CVC primarily oversees financial irregularities in the corporate sector to maintain the integrity of the Indian economy.
  3. The CVC can initiate criminal proceedings against public servants after conducting thorough investigations into corruption cases.
  4. One of CVC’s key responsibilities is to ensure the implementation of government policies and programs effectively

Select the correct option from the following:

  1. Only one statement is correct
  2. Only two statement are correct
  3. Only three statement are correct
  4. All statements are correct.

Answer:  Option B – Only two statements are correct 

Explanation:

  • Statement 1: This statement is incorrect. The CVC is a statutory body established under the Central Vigilance Commission Act, It is not a constitutional body. It is independent of the government and has the power to investigate and prosecute cases of corruption against public servants, including those at the state and central levels.
  • Statement 2: This statement is incorrect. The CVC does not have the power to oversee financial irregularities in the corporate sector.This is the responsibility of other agencies, such as the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
  • Statement 3: This statement is correct. The CVC can initiate criminal proceedings against public servants who are found to have committed corruption.It can also recommend disciplinary action against such public servants.
  • Statement 4: This statement is correct. One of the CVC’s key responsibilities is to oversee the implementation of government policies and programs,particularly with a focus on preventing corruption and ensuring transparency. 

Source: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1973045

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