|Topic: GS3 – Indian Economy- Infrastructure
This topic is not much relevant in the context of Prelims but more for Mains in the context of economic implications, connectivity benefits, and challenges related to toll costs and accessibility.
- The idea of a bay crossing that would connect Mumbai to the mainland was first put up by Wilbur Smith Associates in 1963.
- But until the concept was resurrected in the late 1990s, it saw no advancement.
- Reliance Infrastructure, led by Anil Ambani, won the 2008 bid but subsequently withdrew.
- Multiple bidding processes transpired, and the nodal agency shifted from MSRDC to MMRDA.
- Ultimately, an arrangement with the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) obtained 80% of the funds, with the central and state governments sharing the remaining portion.
- Early in 2018, work got underway, costing a total of Rs 21,200 crore, including a loan of Rs 15,100 crore from JICA.
- The MTHL is anticipated to cut the travel time from 61 minutes to less than 16 minutes between Sewri and Chirle, according to MMRDA and JICA.
- The project will help Navi Mumbai, Panvel, Alibaug, Pune, and Goa by facilitating economic integration.
- It is projected that there will be better communication between South Mumbai and important sites like as the Jawaharlal Nehru Port, Mumbai Pune Motorway, Navi Mumbai International Airport, and Mumbai-Goa Highway.
- The one-way crossing’s Rs 250 toll is regarded as excessive and can affect frequent travellers.
- The landing sites on the mainland, Shivaji Nagar in Ulwe and Chirle, are more than 10 km from the centre of towns, which raises the expense of transportation.
- The absence of designated bus lanes and other public transportation amenities creates concerns over everyday commuter accessibility between Mumbai and Navi Mumbai.
- A major infrastructure project, the Mumbai Trans Harbour Link seeks to improve connectivity and spur economic growth.
- Unresolved issues with toll prices and accessibility for regular commuters, however, highlight the necessity of ongoing assessment and possible project enhancements.
|PYQ: Investment in infrastructure is essential for a more rapid and inclusive economic growth. Discuss in the light of India’s experience. (250 words/15m) (UPSC CSE (M) GS-3 2021)
|Practice Question: Critically analyze the socio-economic impact of the Mumbai Trans Harbour Link (MTHL) on the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. Discuss the anticipated benefits in terms of connectivity and economic development. (200 words/12.5 m)