Topic: GS3 – air pollution
- Environment Minister Gopal Rai sought the suspension of Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC) chairman Ashwani Kumar.
- The suspension request is in response to the DPCC chairman’s decision to stop a study meant to identify key sources of air pollution in Delhi.
Delhi’s Air Pollution Issue – A Snapshot:
- Delhi, the national capital of India, has been grappling with severe air pollution for years.
- The city experiences heightened pollution during the winter months, leading to health and environmental concerns.
- Factors contributing to this issue include vehicular emissions, industrial pollution, construction dust, and agricultural residue burning in neighboring states.
- The combination of these factors results in elevated levels of particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) in the air, which can have adverse health effects.
- Respiratory problems, cardiovascular diseases, and a decrease in overall quality of life are common consequences of prolonged exposure to polluted air.
- Delhi’s air quality is often categorized as “severe,” prompting emergency measures such as the Odd-Even scheme to restrict vehicle usage on certain days.
- The government has also experimented with artificial rain and the distribution of anti-pollution masks.
- These measures, along with long-term strategies like promoting electric vehicles and reducing industrial emissions, aim to address the persistent challenge of air pollution in the city.
- Public awareness, active citizen engagement, and coordinated efforts among different stakeholders are crucial to combat this issue effectively and improve the overall well-being of Delhi’s residents.
Question: Why does air pollution persist as a significant challenge in Delhi, and what strategies can be adopted to address this issue effectively?