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25-Oct -2023

1. PM shares article on utilising technology to revolutionise fight against malnutrition.

Topic: GS3 – Food security


  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi shared a news article by Dr. VK Paul on using technology to combat malnutrition in India.
  • The Prime Minister emphasized the importance of technology in revolutionizing efforts against malnutrition.
  • The article discusses how targeted and efficient interventions are creating positive impacts in the fight against malnutrition.

Role of technology in fight against malnutrition:

  • Data Analytics: Technology helps analyze nutritional data to identify at-risk populations and tailor interventions.
  • Telemedicine: Remote healthcare consultations allow for the early detection and treatment of malnutrition.
  • Mobile Apps: Apps can educate and provide nutritional guidance to individuals and communities.
  • Smart Agriculture: Technology enables precision farming to increase food production.
  • Biotechnology: Genetically modified crops can enhance nutritional content and crop yields.
  • Supply Chain Management: Tech streamlines the distribution of nutritious food to those in need.
  • Monitoring and Evaluation: Technology aids in tracking progress and impact of malnutrition programs.
  • Nutrition Tracking Devices: Wearables and mobile apps help individuals monitor their own nutrition.
  • E-Learning: Online education can inform communities about proper nutrition and its importance.

Question:  Discuss the role of technology in addressing malnutrition in India and its potential impact on public health and food security.



2.PM acknowledges transformative impact of PM SVANidhi

Topic: GS3 – Government initiatives.


  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi shared a research report by State Bank of India on the PM SVANidhi scheme.
  • The research highlights the transformative impact of PM SVANidhi.
  • It emphasizes the inclusive nature of the scheme.

About PM SVANidhi:

  • PM SVANidhi stands for Pradhan Mantri Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi.
  • Aim: To empower street vendors by providing affordable working capital loans.
  • Eligibility: Street vendors in urban areas, with a special focus on encouraging women entrepreneurs.
  • Loan Amount: Up to ₹10,000 with subsidized interest rates.
  • Tenure: One-year repayment period.
  • Objective: To promote self-employment, financial inclusion, and formalization of street vendors’ activities.
  • Inclusive: Targets inclusive growth and financial empowerment of street vendors.

Multiple choice question: 

Which of the following best describes PM SVANidhi?

Select the correct option from the following:

  1. A government initiative for promoting rural electrification.
  2. A program focused on enhancing the digital infrastructure in urban areas.
  3. A scheme aimed at providing affordable housing to urban poor.
  4. A scheme designed to support street vendors in urban areas by providing them with affordable loans.

Answer:  Option D – A scheme designed to support street vendors in urban areas by providing them with affordable loans.


  • PM SVANidhi (Pradhan Mantri Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi) is a government scheme that provides financial support to street vendors in urban areas by offering them affordable working capital loans.
  • The scheme aims to help street vendors reestablish their businesses and improve their livelihoods.



About PM Anusuchit Jaati Abhyuday Yojana (PM- AJAY)

  • It is a merged scheme of Three Centrally Sponsored Scheme(CSS), namely –
    1. Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY),
    2. Special Central Assistance to Scheduled Castes Sub Plan ( SCA to SCSP) and
    3. Babu Jagjivan Ram Chhatrawas Yojana(BJRCY)
  • It has been implemented since 2021-22 in SC-dominated villages.
  • Aim of the Scheme:
    1. To reduce poverty in the SC communities by generalising employment opportunities through Skill development, income-generating schemes and other initiatives
    2. to improve socio-economic developmental indicators by ensuring adequate infrastructure and requisite services in the SC-dominated villages.

Components of the Scheme:

  1. Development of SC-dominated villages into an “Adarsh Gram”. [erstwhile Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana]
  2. ‘Grants-in-aid’ for District/State-level Projects for the socio-economic betterment of SCs, such as the creation of infrastructure including Hostels/Residential schools, Comprehensive Livelihood Projects, financial assistance towards loans taken by beneficiaries for acquisition/creation of assets required for livelihood generation, etc.
  3. Construction of Hostels in top-ranked higher educational institutions as per the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF), which are funded by the Centre/State/UT Governments either fully or partially.
  4. Construction of hostels in schools that are either fully or partially funded by the Centre/State/UT Governments as per the Ministry of Education recommendation.

Objective “Adarsh Gram” component:

  • It is to ensure integrated development of SC majority villages so that, inter alia, there is:
    1. Adequate infrastructure, 
    2. All requisite infrastructure necessary for socio-economic development needs are to be provided under the Scheme.
  • Reducing Disparity: The identified socio-economic indicators (or Monitorable indicators) are to be raised to at least that of the National average.
    1. All BPL SC families should have food and livelihood security,
    2. All SC children should complete education at least up to the secondary level,
    3. All factors leading to maternal and infant mortality are addressed, and the incidence of malnutrition, especially among children and women, is eliminated.

Objective of Grants-in-aid for District/State-level Projects for Socio-Economic Betterment of SCs {erstwhile Scheme of Special Central Assistance to SC Sub Plan}

  1. Comprehensive Livelihood Projects: To create such projects that build an entire ecosystem for producing sustainable income or social advancement to the SC and should preferably be a combination of two or more of the following :
    1. Skill Development: Skilling courses as per norms of MSDE. Related facilities and infrastructure for conducting Skill Development Activities conducted by the Government. Skill Development Institutions can also be funded.
    2. Grants for creation/acquisition of assets for beneficiaries/households: There shall be no standalone individual asset distribution under the Scheme. However, if the project has a provision for the acquisition/creation of assets for beneficiaries/households needed for livelihood generation, financial assistance towards loans taken by the beneficiary for such acquisition/creation of assets would be up to Rs.50,000 or 50% of the asset cost, whichever is less, per beneficiary/household.
    3. Infrastructure development: Development of infrastructure related to the project and also Hostels and residential schools.
  2. Other infrastructure Various other infrastructure development projects in SC majority villages.

Special Provisions:

  • Upto 15% of the total Grants exclusively on viable income-generating economic development schemes/programmes for SC Women.
  • Upto 30% of the total Grants utilised for infrastructure development
  • At least 10% of the total funds for skill development
  • Promote SC Women Cooperatives engaged in the production and marketing of consumer goods and services.


  • 1260 villages have been declared as Adarsh Gram during the current FY 2023-24.
  • 9 new hostels have been sanctioned under the Hostel component.
  • Perspective plans for 7 States have been approved under the Grant-in-aid component in FY 2023-24.



News: “Exercise Harimau Shakti 2023”, a joint bilateral training exercise between the Indian & Malaysian Army, commenced in Umroi Cantonment(Meghalaya).

  • It is scheduled till 5th November 2023.
  • A Malaysian Army contingent and a Battalion of THE RAJPUT REGIMENT participated, engaging approximately 120 personnel from both sides.
  • The 2022 component of the Exercise was conducted in Pulai, Kluang, Malaysia, in November 2022.
  • Objective:
    • Enhancing military capability for the conduct of Multi Domain Operations in a sub-conventional scenario.
    • Both sides will rehearse the employment of joint forces in jungle/semi-urban / urban environments.
    • Intelligence collection, collation, and dissemination drills will also be rehearsed.
    • Witness employment of Drones/UAVs & Helicopters.
    • Practice casualty management and evacuation drills.
    • Discuss logistics management and practice survival training at the Battalion level.
  • It will enhance the level of defence co-operation between the Indian Army and the Malaysian Army, which will also foster the bilateral relations between the two nations.


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