- The article focuses on the recent activities of Tamil Nadu Governor R.N. Ravi while discussing the constitutional issues and debates surrounding the position of governors in Indian states.
- It draws attention to the problems that come with keeping the colonial system of governors in place as well as the necessity of constitutional changes to support democracy in India.
Governor’s Actions and Supreme Court’s Rebuke:
- Concerns about the constitution have been raised by Governor R.N. Ravi’s recent actions, especially his unwillingness to sign bills enacted by the state legislature of Tamil Nadu.
- The Supreme Court’s criticism highlighted the governor’s non-elected authority and the need of abstaining from meddling in elections for office.
Governor’s Interference in State Matters:
- The article lists the occasions on which Governor Ravi has obstructed state government decisions, pertaining to matters of prosecution, nominations, and prisoner releases.
- It is believed that this meddling goes against democratic ideals and the function that governors are meant to do.
Historical Context and Constitutional Framework:
- The article explores the historical background of the governor’s position, dating it all the way back to the colonial era.
- It highlights the Constituent Assembly’s choice, in the face of resistance, to keep the colonial post of the governor, which was appointed by the Union administration.
Governor vs. President:
- The appointment, dismissal, and accountability processes of the president and the governor are distinguished in a significant way.
- The governor is not directly accountable to elected officials or the legal system; instead, they are appointed by the Union administration and are not subject to impeachment, unlike the president who is elected and subject to both.
Constituent Assembly Debates and Criticisms:
- The article makes reference to the arguments made by members of the Constituent Assembly, including Dakshayani Velayudhan, who was critical of the governor-related regulations.
- It is emphasized that the worries expressed back then concerning the concentration of power and possible problems with the conduct of governors remain pertinent now.
Ambedkar’s Defense and Puzzling Response:
- The article examines B.R. Ambedkar’s argument in favor of keeping the governor-related laws and casts doubt on how strong his argument is.
- Ambedkar’s economic outlook is compared to the worries expressed by other Assembly members.
Need for Constitutional Reform:
- The article makes the case for constitutional amendments or judicial action as alternatives to the current status quo of the governor’s office.
- It supports a more democratic and accountable system while acknowledging the difficulties and rejecting the notion of complete abolition.
Alternatives: Judicial Intervention and Constitutional Reform:
- The article recognizes the growing trend of judges being involved in the actions of governors.
- It does, however, support a more methodical approach and suggests specific constitutional amendments that are proposed by subject-matter experts.
- A workable substitute is the notion of holding governors answerable to state legislatures, as the president is answerable to the Union Parliament.
- The article’s conclusion emphasizes how urgently constitutional changes are needed to address the colonial institution of governors.
- It makes the case that these reforms are essential to bolstering India’s federal system and democracy and offers a balanced viewpoint on possible fixes.