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18-Oct -2023

1. This year's 'Ayurveda Day' to be organized on the theme of 'Ayurveda for One Health' and celebrated 100 countries across the globe.

Topic: GS3 – Health sector


  • Ayurveda Day celebrated internationally in around 100 countries with the theme ‘Ayurveda for One Health’ on November 11, 2023.
  • The main emphasis for Ayurveda Day includes ‘Ayurveda for students, Ayurveda for farmers, Ayurveda for public health’ with the message of ‘Ayurveda for everyone every day.’
  • The objective of Ayurveda Day is to promote and disseminate Ayurveda at the international level for the well-being of humans, animals, plants, and the environment.

Effectiveness of ayurveda in dealing with modern diseases:

  • Ayurveda offers personalized holistic treatments.
  • Effective in managing chronic conditions like diabetes and hypertension.
  • Focuses on lifestyle, diet, and stress reduction.
  • Herbal remedies can address various ailments.
  • Used as a complementary therapy alongside modern medicine.
  • Emphasis on prevention and overall well-being.
  • May have potential in managing modern lifestyle diseases.

What is One Health?

  • “One Health” is an approach that recognizes the interconnectedness of the health of humans, animals, and the environment.
  • It emphasizes the idea that the health and well-being of these three components are closely linked and interdependent.
  • The One Health approach promotes collaboration and cooperation among various disciplines, including human medicine, veterinary medicine, environmental science, and more, to address and mitigate health risks and challenges that affect all three domains
  • This approach is particularly important in addressing zoonotic diseases (those that can be transmitted from animals to humans) and understanding the broader impact of environmental changes on health.

Integration of Ayurveda and One Health:

  • Integration of Ayurveda and One Health promotes a holistic approach to health and well-being.
  • Ayurveda recognizes the interconnectedness of human, animal, and environmental health, aligning with One Health principles.
  • Ayurvedic practices, such as herbal remedies and lifestyle recommendations, can support the health of humans, animals, and the environment.
  • Collaboration between Ayurvedic practitioners, veterinarians, environmental scientists, and healthcare professionals can lead to a more comprehensive approach to health challenges.
  • The integration can enhance prevention, management, and treatment strategies for zoonotic diseases and other health issues that affect all three domains.

Question: Discuss the potential benefits and challenges of integrating Ayurveda with the One Health approach in the context of addressing modern healthcare and environmental challenges.


2. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change conducts Wetlands Cleaning around different Ramsar Sites

Topic: GS3 – environmental protection


  • The Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEFCC) collaborated with State/UT Wetland Authorities.
  • The focus was on cleaning wetlands near Amrit Dharohar sites, Ramsar sites across India.
  • Activities included cleanliness drives, weed removal, pledge to protect wetlands, and registering Wetland Mitras.
  • The campaign aimed to raise awareness about the importance of maintaining clean and healthy wetlands.

What are Ramsar sites?

  • Ramsar sites are wetlands designated under the Ramsar Convention.
  • The Ramsar Convention, officially known as the Convention on Wetlands, is an international treaty signed in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971.
  • These sites are recognized for their ecological importance and are protected to conserve biodiversity.
  • Ramsar sites can include various types of wetlands, such as lakes, rivers, marshes, and coastal areas.
  • The designation helps in the sustainable use and management of wetlands.
  • It encourages the conservation of wetlands and their resources while promoting their wise and sustainable use.
  • Member countries commit to preserving and protecting these designated areas and their ecosystems.
  • Ramsar sites often serve as vital habitats for various species and provide important ecological services.

Importance of wetlands from ecological perspective:

  • Biodiversity Hotspots: Wetlands support diverse flora and fauna, serving as critical habitats for many species, including migratory birds, fish, amphibians, and insects.
  • Water Filtration: They act as natural filters, improving water quality by trapping sediments and removing pollutants from runoff.
  • Flood Control: Wetlands help mitigate floods by absorbing excess water during heavy rainfall and releasing it slowly, reducing the risk of downstream flooding.
  • Carbon Sequestration: They store and sequester large amounts of carbon, helping to mitigate climate change by reducing greenhouse gas levels in the atmosphere.
  • Nutrient Cycling: Wetlands play a crucial role in nutrient cycling, recycling essential nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorus, which benefit both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
  • Erosion Control: Their vegetation and root systems help stabilize soil and prevent erosion along coastlines and riverbanks.
  • Recreation and Aesthetics: They offer recreational opportunities such as birdwatching, fishing, and boating, and contribute to the aesthetic beauty of landscapes.

Question: Examine the importance of wetlands in the context of ecological preservation, sustainable development, and climate change adaptation. Discuss the challenges and solutions associated with the conservation and management of wetlands in India.



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