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28-September -2023

1. India Ageing Report 2023 Unveils Critical Insights into Elderly Care in India.

Topic: GS3 – Indian population

Here is a summary of the key findings and highlights from the “India Ageing Report 2023” released by UNFPA India and the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS):

  • The report focuses on the challenges, opportunities, and institutional responses related to elderly care in India, as the country experiences a demographic shift toward an aging population.
  • The report was jointly released by Mr. Saurabh Garg, Secretary, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (Government of India), and Ms. Andrea M. Wojnar, UNFPA India Representative and Country Director Bhutan.
  • It leverages data from various sources, including the Longitudinal Ageing Survey in India (LASI) 2017–18, Census of India, Population Projections by the Government of India (2011–2036), and World Population Prospects 2022 by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
  • Saurabh Garg emphasizes the importance of ensuring that the elderly population in India has access to necessary care and support for a healthy and dignified life.
  • The report highlights the comprehensive nature of the report and its relevance for scholars, policymakers, program managers, and stakeholders involved in elder care.

Key Findings:

  • Geriatric Care: The report recommends enhancing geriatric care to address the unique healthcare needs of senior citizens in India.
  • Government Schemes: The report highlights the presence of numerous government schemes and policies aimed at addressing the health, financial empowerment, and capacity-building needs of the elderly population.
  • Digital Empowerment: Community-based organizations are actively involved in promoting digital empowerment among the elderly through computer and internet usage sessions.
  • Ministerial Committees: There are ministerial committees dedicated to shaping policies and initiatives for the welfare of the elderly population.
  • Corporate Initiatives: The corporate sector is actively engaged in promoting joyful aging, providing social assistance, establishing old age homes, and raising awareness about elder abuse through campaigns.

Mains question: What are the key challenges and policy measures required to address the aging population in India?


2. Standards are a cornerstone of domestic trade and export, facilitator of innovation

Topic: GS3 – Indian population


  • Union Minister Shri Piyush Goyal addressed the onboarding workshop for Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) technical committee members at NITS.
  • He highlighted the significance of standards in domestic trade and exports, promoting innovation and efficiency, and ultimately contributing to national growth.

Importance of standardisation of products in trade and export:

  • Quality Assurance: Standardization ensures that products meet specific quality criteria, assuring buyers of consistent and reliable quality. This builds trust in the product and brand.
  • Safety and Compliance: Standards help ensure that products adhere to safety regulations and compliance requirements. This reduces the risk of harm to consumers and legal issues for exporters.
  • Interoperability: Standardized products and components are often compatible with each other, promoting ease of use and reducing compatibility issues for consumers.
  • Market Access: Many countries require products to meet certain standards for import. Complying with these standards is essential for accessing global markets.
  • Cost Efficiency: Standardization can lead to economies of scale in production, reducing costs. It also simplifies processes and minimizes wastage.
  • Innovation: Standards encourage innovation by setting benchmarks and providing a framework for improvement. They stimulate competition and drive advancements.
  • Trade Facilitation: Standardized products and documentation simplify cross-border trade, making it smoother and faster.
  • Consumer Confidence: Knowing that products meet established standards, consumers are more likely to make purchases, boosting sales and reputation.
  • Reduced Technical Barriers: Standards can reduce technical barriers to trade, as products meeting common standards are more readily accepted in various markets.
  • Environmental Impact: Standards can incorporate environmental considerations, promoting sustainable practices in production and reducing the ecological footprint of products.
  • Global Compatibility: Standardized products can be used and integrated into various markets globally, expanding the reach of exporters.

Mains question: Discuss the significance of standardization in the context of international trade and export. Explain how standardization contributes to the efficiency of production processes and the promotion of innovation in the global marketplace.


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