Topic: GS3 – Indian population
Here is a summary of the key findings and highlights from the “India Ageing Report 2023” released by UNFPA India and the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS):
- The report focuses on the challenges, opportunities, and institutional responses related to elderly care in India, as the country experiences a demographic shift toward an aging population.
- The report was jointly released by Mr. Saurabh Garg, Secretary, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (Government of India), and Ms. Andrea M. Wojnar, UNFPA India Representative and Country Director Bhutan.
- It leverages data from various sources, including the Longitudinal Ageing Survey in India (LASI) 2017–18, Census of India, Population Projections by the Government of India (2011–2036), and World Population Prospects 2022 by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
- Saurabh Garg emphasizes the importance of ensuring that the elderly population in India has access to necessary care and support for a healthy and dignified life.
- The report highlights the comprehensive nature of the report and its relevance for scholars, policymakers, program managers, and stakeholders involved in elder care.
- Geriatric Care: The report recommends enhancing geriatric care to address the unique healthcare needs of senior citizens in India.
- Government Schemes: The report highlights the presence of numerous government schemes and policies aimed at addressing the health, financial empowerment, and capacity-building needs of the elderly population.
- Digital Empowerment: Community-based organizations are actively involved in promoting digital empowerment among the elderly through computer and internet usage sessions.
- Ministerial Committees: There are ministerial committees dedicated to shaping policies and initiatives for the welfare of the elderly population.
- Corporate Initiatives: The corporate sector is actively engaged in promoting joyful aging, providing social assistance, establishing old age homes, and raising awareness about elder abuse through campaigns.
Mains question: What are the key challenges and policy measures required to address the aging population in India?