Topic: GS2 – International relations
- India has reduced the number of Canadian diplomats in India from 62 to 21.
- This move follows tensions that arose from Canadian allegations of India’s involvement in the killing of Canadian national and Khalistani activist Hardeep Singh Nijjar.
- Despite previous hopes of repairing ties through quiet diplomacy, Canada has persisted in demanding Indian cooperation in its investigations against unnamed Indian officials.
- In response to tit-for-tat expulsions of diplomats, India suspended visas for all Canadians and demanded a downsizing of Canadian diplomatic strength.
Potential implications of worsening India – Canada ties:
- Reduced trade and investment:India and Canada have a strong economic relationship, with bilateral trade in goods and services totaling over $11 billion in 2021. However, a worsening of ties could lead to a reduction in trade and investment flows between the two countries. This could have a negative impact on businesses and jobs in both countries.
- Increased tensions in the region:India and Canada are both members of the Indo-Pacific region, which is becoming increasingly strategic. A worsening of ties between the two countries could lead to increased tensions in the region, which could have implications for regional security.
- Damage to bilateral cooperation on important issues: India and Canada cooperate on a number of important issues, such as counterterrorism, climate change, and global health. A worsening of ties could make it more difficult to cooperate on these issues, which could have negative consequences for both countries.
- Impact on the Indian diaspora in Canada:There is a large Indian diaspora in Canada, which makes significant contributions to the Canadian economy and society. A worsening of ties between the two countries could have a negative impact on the Indian diaspora in Canada.
- Diplomatic Dialogue: Both countries should engage in open and constructive diplomatic dialogue to address the underlying issues causing tension. A willingness to communicate and find common ground is essential.
- Mediation: Consider involving neutral third-party mediators or international organizations to facilitate discussions and promote conflict resolution.
- Evidence Sharing: In cases of allegations or investigations, sharing verifiable evidence and cooperating transparently can help build trust and resolve contentious issues.
- Bilateral Agreements: Explore the possibility of bilateral agreements that can provide a framework for resolving diplomatic disputes and conflicts.
- Economic Cooperation: Rebuild and strengthen economic ties, trade relations, and investment cooperation. Both countries can benefit from enhanced economic partnerships.
Question: Discuss the potential implications of worsening India-Canada ties and suggest measures that both countries can take to improve their relationship.