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Mains Answer Writing

One of the key components of these exams is the written test, which consists of a number of essay and comprehension questions. Candidates are expected to write clear and well-structured answers that demonstrate their knowledge and understanding of the topics being tested.


 Q. Although, DPSP impose a ‘moral obligation’ on the state administration for their implementation, but the real force behind them is political. Discuss.


Described as novel features of the Indian constitution by Dr. Ambedkar, DPSPs are enshrined in Part IV of the Indian Constitution, from Article 36-51. The objective of these features to the Indian constitution was to establish social and economic democracy through the welfare state.

Moral obligation of DPSPs:

  • Not enforceable by courts: DPSPs are not justiciable in nature and not legally enforceable by the courts. They are only directives to the state.
  • Duty of the State: Under Article 37, these principles laid down are nevertheless fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws.
  • Instrument of instruction: DPSPs are like the instrument of instructions which were issued to the governor general under Government of India act, 1935 and thus guides policy formulation.
  • Concept of welfare state: DPSPs embody the concept of welfare state and promote social and economic democracy. They aim at realising the high ideals of justice, liberty, equality, fraternity as outshined in the preamble.

Political forces behind DPSPs:

  • Political will: DPSPs are non-justiciable and their implementation depends on the political will of the ruling party and the party in power can allocate sufficient resources and funds.
  • Common political manifesto: DPSPs promote social welfare and work as a common political manifesto for various political parties who are contesting elections.
  • Role for opposition: Opposition can exercise influence and control over the functioning of the government on the ground that the policies are not in line with DPSPs.
  • Strengthen political democracy: DPSPs strengthen political democracy by promotion of socio-economic democracy by reducing inequalities, promoting social order etc.
  • Means to mobilize support: DPSPs provide a wider framework to political parties for the well-being of the voters and effective implementation of DPSPs can garner wide political support.


As DR. BR Ambedkar said that a government that rests on popular vote can hardly ignore Directive principles while shaping its policy. Hence DPSPs are a crucial test for the performance of the government.

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