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16-Oct -2023

1. 1st P20 Summit hosted by India has been the most successful P20 Summit ever: Lok Sabha Speaker

Topic: GS2 – Indian polity


  • India hosted the 1st P20 Summit, which saw substantial participation from delegations worldwide.
  • A total of 37 Speakers and leaders from 29 countries participated, with 436 delegates in attendance.

Additional Information on this news:

  • The theme of the 9th P20 Summit was ‘Parliaments for One Earth, One Family, One Future,’ aligning with India’s G20 Presidency theme.
  • The Summit was inaugurated by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and featured a Parliamentary Forum on Mission LiFE.
  • The consensus on the P20 Summit Joint Declaration demonstrated India’s leadership and determination.
  • India strongly condemns all forms of terrorism, emphasizing the need for collective efforts to defeat terrorism for global peace and prosperity.
  • Responsible Artificial Intelligence development and data security were highlighted as crucial areas of focus during the Summit.
  • Digital platforms were recognized for their role in socio-economic development and innovation.
  • P20 countries agreed to form a group to enhance domain knowledge in legislative drafting.
  • The conference welcomed the ‘Nari Shakti Vandan Bill 2023,’ promoting women-led development.


2. World Health Summit 2023

Topic: GS3 – Health sector


  • Bharati Pravin Pawar, Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare, emphasized the need for a comprehensive strategy to reduce the impact of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) on the well-being of citizens.

Further Details Regarding this News:

  • India’s 75/25 initiative aims to screen and provide standard care for 75 million individuals with hypertension and diabetes by 2025, marking a significant expansion of NCDs in primary healthcare.
  • The government’s dedication to addressing NCDs is reflected in the Outcome Budget for 2023-2024, which includes hypertension and diabetes treatment as output indicators for the first time.
  • The National Programme for Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases (NP-NCD) launched in 2010 under the National Health Mission (NHM) strengthens infrastructure, human resources, health promotion, early diagnosis, and management.
  • Initiatives such as Population-Based Screening (PBS) and teleconsultation services for NCDs are being implemented, emphasizing accessibility and continuity of care.
  • The role of technology in healthcare delivery is crucial, with digital health technologies and the National NCD portal improving NCD prevention and management.
  • India’s commitment to the prevention and control of NCDs underscores the need for global collaboration and shared responsibility for the well-being of the global community.

Question: Discuss the initiatives and strategies adopted by the Indian government to address non-communicable diseases (NCDs), with a focus on the ’75/25 initiative.’ How can technology contribute to the effective management of NCDs and their prevention?


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