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18-September -2023

Daily Current Affairs For UPSC ,The PIB ( Press Information Bureau )

1. PM expresses happiness on Santiniketan being inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Topic: GS1 – Indian art and culture


  • Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi is delighted about Shantiniketan’s inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
  • Shantiniketan represents Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore’s vision and India’s cultural heritage.
  • Shri Modi expressed his happiness on Twitter, calling it a proud moment for all Indians.

About Santiniketan:

  • Location: Santiniketan is situated in the Birbhum district of West Bengal, India.
  • Founder: It was established by the renowned poet, philosopher, and Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore in 1901.
  • Vision: Santiniketan was founded with the vision of creating an environment that promotes holistic education, blending the best of Indian and Western educational philosophies. It aimed to foster creativity, freedom of thought, and cultural exchange.
  • Tagore’s Legacy: Rabindranath Tagore, often referred to as Gurudev, played a pivotal role in shaping Santiniketan. He not only founded the institution but also contributed to its unique curriculum and artistic heritage.
  • Cultural Significance: Santiniketan has a rich cultural heritage, known for its annual celebrations of events like Basanta Utsav (Holi) and Poush Mela. It also houses the Visva-Bharati University, which was established by Tagore and is known for its emphasis on the arts, literature, and humanities.
  • UNESCO World Heritage: Recently, Santiniketan was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, recognizing its cultural and educational significance.

About UNESCO world heritage list:

  • UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
  • World Heritage List: A prestigious list maintained by UNESCO that recognizes and preserves cultural and natural heritage sites of outstanding universal value.
  • Purpose: The World Heritage List aims to protect and conserve sites of exceptional cultural, historical, scientific, or natural significance for future generations.
  • Selection Criteria: Sites must meet specific criteria related to their cultural, natural, or mixed (both cultural and natural) significance to be considered for inclusion.
  • Types of Sites: UNESCO World Heritage sites are categorized into cultural, natural, or mixed properties, depending on their significance.
  • Cultural Heritage: Sites that have cultural or historical importance, such as monuments, archaeological sites, cities, or cultural landscapes.
  • Natural Heritage: Sites valued for their unique natural features, such as ecosystems, landscapes, wildlife habitats, and geological formations.
  • Mixed Heritage: Sites that possess both cultural and natural significance, reflecting the interconnectedness of human culture and the environment.
  • Protection and Preservation: Inclusion on the list comes with international recognition and support for the protection, preservation, and sustainable management of these sites.
  • Responsibility: Countries with listed sites are responsible for their conservation and management, with support and guidance from UNESCO when needed.
  • Monitoring: UNESCO conducts periodic monitoring and assessment to ensure that sites maintain their outstanding universal value.
  • Benefits: Being on the World Heritage List can boost tourism, enhance international cooperation, and provide financial assistance for conservation efforts.


2. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launches PM Vishwakarma Scheme at New Delhi today.

Topic: GS2 – Government initiatives.


  • Union Minister Jitendra Singh, spoke about the ‘PM Vishwakarma’ scheme during its launch by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi in Jammu.
  • He highlighted that the scheme embodies a perfect blend of India’s civilizational ethos and traditional craftsmanship.

About PM Vishwakarma Scheme:

  • Scheme Name: PM Vishwakarma Scheme.
  • Launch: The scheme was launched by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi.
  • Aim: To promote and support traditional craftsmanship and artisans in India.
  • Blend of Traditions: It represents a fusion of India’s civilizational heritage and traditional craftsmanship.
  • Livelihood Generation: The scheme offers opportunities for individuals to earn a livelihood while preserving India’s Guru-Shishya Parampara (teacher-student tradition).
  • Promotion of Traditional Knowledge: Encourages the preservation and promotion of traditional skills and knowledge.
  • Holistic Approach: Combines India’s rich traditional knowledge with modern technology and techniques.
  • Diverse Sectors: The scheme encompasses various sectors, including but not limited to arts, crafts, and artisanal trades.
  • Financial Support: Provides financial support, including credit facilities, to empower traditional artisans and craftsmen.
  • Contribution to Cultural Heritage: Aims to protect and enhance India’s cultural heritage through the promotion of traditional craftsmanship.


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