Topic: GS2 – International relations
- External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar expressed concern over Canada’s inability to provide safety and security to Indian diplomats, considering it a violation of the most fundamental aspect of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations.
Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations:
- International treaty established in 1961.
- Regulates diplomatic relations between countries.
- Defines the privileges and immunities of diplomatic missions.
- Ensures the safety and security of diplomats.
- Addresses the inviolability of diplomatic premises.
- Contains rules for diplomatic appointments and conduct.
- Sets guidelines for diplomatic communication and functions.
- Provides a framework for diplomatic immunity and protection.
Which article of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations primarily addresses the inviolability of diplomatic agents and their immunity from the jurisdiction of the receiving state?
Select the correct option from the following:
- Article 22
- Article 27
- Article 36
- Article 41
Answer: Option B – Article 27.
- Article 27 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations establishes the principle of the inviolability of diplomatic agents and their immunity from the jurisdiction of the receiving state. This means that diplomatic agents are exempt from the legal jurisdiction and civil/criminal processes of the host country, ensuring their safety and freedom to perform their diplomatic functions.
- Article 22: Article 22 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations addresses the premises of the mission, emphasizing that the receiving state must protect the mission’s premises from intrusion or damage and that the premises are
- Article 36: Article 36 of the Vienna Convention covers the communication and contact between a diplomatic agent and their home country’s mission. It ensures the right to communicate with the sending state’s authorities.
- Article 41: Article 41 of the Vienna Convention pertains to diplomatic agents’ duties to respect the laws and regulations of the receiving state. It specifies that diplomatic agents should not interfere in the internal affairs of the host country.