Topic: GS2 – international relations
- In recent times the conflicts between India – Canada have increased and uncertainty exists in the current state of diplomatic relations between Canada and India.
Diverse Indian Emigrant Groups:
- India is a significant source of immigrants to Canada, comprising various groups, including naturalized citizens, permanent residents, and temporary visitors.
- The Indian diaspora in Canada encompasses a wide range of professions and backgrounds.
Statistics on Indian-Origin Population in Canada:
- The 2021 Census of Canada reports over 1.86 million people of Indian origin, representing 5% of Canada’s population.
- Over 40% of study permits issued in 2022 were granted to Indian international students.
Impact of Diplomatic Row on Emigrants:
- The ongoing diplomatic row between Canada and India has led to a reduction in consular and visa services.
- This situation affects the mobility, status, and future prospects of Indian emigrants in Canada.
Global Compact on Migration:
- Canada and India are signatories to the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration.
- Objective 19 of the compact aims to empower migrants and diasporas for sustainable development in both origin and destination countries.
Interconnectedness of Remittances and Investments:
- Remittances from migrant workers in Gulf countries are crucial for India’s economy.
- Indian diaspora members in Canada are a source of investments in both countries.
Bilateral Trade and Tourism:
- Canada and India have substantial bilateral trade and tourism relationships.
- The diaspora plays a role in trade, tourism, and investment between the two countries.
Impact on People Ties:
- The diplomatic tensions threaten to undermine the objectives of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration and the Sustainable Development Goals.
- Trust, time, and loyalty between the two countries and their diaspora communities are at risk due to the uncertainty.
Call for Restoring Willingness:
- Restoring willingness is crucial for resolving the diplomatic tensions between India and Canada.
- Rebuilding trust, time, and loyalty to their migrants and diaspora is vital for fostering positive diplomatic relations and achieving the compact’s goals.
Question: Critically Examine the Impact of Ongoing Canada-India Diplomatic Tensions on the Indian Diaspora and Bilateral Relations, and Suggest Possible Solutions.