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PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU

23-Oct -2023

1. Union Home Minister and Minister of Cooperation, Shri Amit Shah will address the ‘National Symposium on Cooperative Exports’

Topic: GS3 – cooperative sector

Context:

  • Union Home Minister and Minister of Cooperation, Shri Amit Shah, will address the ‘National Symposium on Cooperative Exports’ organized by the National Cooperative for Exports Limited (NCEL) on October 23, 2023, in New Delhi.
  • During the event, Shri Amit Shah will launch the logo, website, and brochure of NCEL and distribute membership certificates to NCEL members.

Additional information about the news:

  • The symposium will focus on various issues, including channelizing cooperatives for export market linkages, the potential of Indian agricultural exports, and opportunities for cooperatives.
  • The NCEL was established as a national-level multi-state cooperative society to serve as an umbrella organization for exports by the cooperative sector.
  • The NCEL, registered under the Multi-State Co-operative Societies Act, 2002, covers agriculture, allied activities, handloom, and handicrafts.
  • It aims to double its revenue by 2025 from the current level of about Rs 2,160 crore.
  • The organization has an authorized share capital of Rs 2,000 crore and seeks to expand the reach of Indian cooperative sector surpluses to international markets.

Cooperatives sector in India:

  • Number of cooperativesThere are over 8.5 lakh cooperatives in India, with a membership of over 290 million people.
  • Types of cooperatives: Cooperatives operate in a wide range of sectors, including agriculture, dairy, credit, banking, housing, consumer goods, and handicrafts.
  • Contribution to the economy: The cooperative sector contributes significantly to the Indian economy, accounting for over 10% of the country’s GDP and generating over 250 million jobs.

Contribution of cooperative sector to exports:

  • Diversification: Cooperatives diversify export products, reducing reliance on a single market or commodity.
  • Market Accessibility: Cooperatives provide small farmers access to global markets they might not access individually.
  • Cost Efficiency: Bulk production through cooperatives reduces costs, enabling competitive pricing.
  • Infrastructure: Cooperatives invest in export-related infrastructure, facilitating trade readiness.
  • Sustainable Practices: Many cooperatives adopt eco-friendly production, meeting global demand for sustainable products.
  • Empowering Small Producers: Cooperatives empower marginalized producers, contributing to inclusive growth.

Challenges ahead:

  • Market Competition: Global rivals challenge cooperative sector exports, necessitating ongoing innovation and quality improvement.
  • Trade Barriers: Tariffs, regulations, and changing trade rules can hinder exports, demanding adaptability.
  • Infrastructure Gaps: Inadequate rural infrastructure limits storage and transportation for exports.
  • Access to Finance: Limited access to affordable financing hinders export-related investments.
  • Technology Adoption: Keeping up with tech and e-commerce is vital for efficient exports.
  • Market Intelligence: Understanding international trends and consumer preferences is essential.
  • Sustainability: Meeting eco-friendly production standards can be resource-intensive.
  • Logistics and Transportation: Efficient networks are crucial for timely exports.
  • Quality Control: Maintaining consistent quality is an ongoing challenge.

Way forward:

  • Capacity Building: Invest in training and skill development to enhance cooperative members’ capabilities for efficient export operations.
  • Digital Integration: Embrace technology for e-commerce, market research, and supply chain optimization, ensuring competitiveness.
  • Market Diversification: Explore new export markets to reduce reliance on a single destination and enhance market resilience.
  • Government Support: Collaborate with government agencies to facilitate financing, infrastructure development, and policy advocacy for cooperative exports.

Question: How can cooperatives contribute to India’s export growth, and what challenges and strategies should be considered?

Multiple-choice question:

In the context of the National Cooperative for Exports Limited (NCEL): Which of the following initiatives were NOT part of its establishment and objectives?

Select the correct option from the following:

  1. Registration under the Multi-State Co-operative Societies Act, 2002.
  2. Aim to double its revenue by 2025.
  3. Sole promotion by the Indian government.
  4. Inclusion of agriculture, allied activities, and handloom and handicrafts under its purview.

Answer:  Option C – Sole promotion by the Indian government.

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is correct because NCEL is under the Multi-State Co-operative Societies Act, 2002.
  • NCEL aims to double co-operatives revenue from the current level of about Rs 2,160 crore.
  • Statement 3 is incorrect because NCEL is not solely promoted by the Indian government; it is a cooperative effort with the support of various cooperatives and organizations.
  • NECL involves promotion of agriculture, allied activities, and handloom and handicrafts under its purview. 

Source:  https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1969890  

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