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21-Oct -2023


Topic: GS3 – defence sector


  • Yard 12706 (Imphal), a Project 15B stealth guided missile destroyer, was delivered to the Indian Navy on 20 October, 2023.
  • It is the third ship in the Project 15B series and follows the Kolkata class (Project 15A) destroyers.

About indigenous destroyer IMPHAL:

  • Name: Indigenous destroyer “IMPHAL.”
  • Type: Guided missile destroyer.
  • Project: Part of Project 15B, a follow-on to the Kolkata class (Project 15A) destroyers.
  • Builder: Constructed by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd, Mumbai.
  • Displacement: 7,400 tons.
  • Length: Approximately 164 meters.
  • Speed: Capable of achieving speeds in excess of 30 knots (56 km/h) with a Combined Gas and Gas (COGAG) propulsion system.
  • Weapons and Sensors: Equipped with state-of-the-art weaponry, including surface-to-air missiles, anti-ship missiles, and torpedoes.
  • Significance: The delivery of IMPHAL represents the “AatmaNirbharBharat” (self-reliant India) initiative and enhances India’s maritime capabilities in the Indian Ocean Region.


Project 15B refers to a class of guided missile destroyers being built for the Indian Navy. These destroyers are a follow-on to the Project 15A Kolkata-class destroyers and are part of India’s efforts to strengthen its naval capabilities. Here are some key points about Project 15B:

  • Purpose: Project 15B aims to enhance the Indian Navy’s surface warfare capabilities by adding advanced guided missile destroyers to its fleet.
  • Construction: The destroyers in Project 15B are constructed at Indian shipyards, emphasizing indigenous shipbuilding capabilities.
  • Features: Project 15B destroyers are designed to be highly advanced and technologically sophisticated warships with a focus on stealth, firepower, and versatility.
  • Armament: They are equipped with a variety of advanced weapons and sensors, including surface-to-air missiles, anti-ship missiles, torpedoes, and more.
  • Indigenous Content: These ships typically have a significant indigenous content, including various weapon systems and components produced by Indian defense companies.

Multiple-choice question: 

Which of the following statements is true regarding Project 15B?

Select the correct option from the following:

  1. Project 15B is a space exploration mission aimed at landing a rover on Mars.
  2. Project 15B is a flagship infrastructure development initiative for building highways in India.
  3. Project 15B is a naval warship construction program undertaken by the Indian Navy.
  4. Project 15B is a social welfare program designed to provide healthcare services in rural areas of India.

Answer:  Option C – Project 15B is a naval warship construction program undertaken by the Indian Navy.


  • Project 15B refers to the construction of guided-missile destroyers for the Indian Navy. These advanced warships are designed to enhance India’s naval capabilities and are part of the Indian Navy’s modernization and expansion efforts.


2. STPI sets up state-of-the-art incubation facility at its Gurugram campus to promote entrepreneurship in Blockchain Technology

Topic: GS3 – Science and technology


  • The Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY) Secretary, Shri S Krishnan, inaugurated the Apiary Center of Entrepreneurship (CoE) at STPI-Gurugram, a state-of-the-art incubation facility.
  • Apiary is one of the Centers of Excellence (CoEs) under Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) with a focus on Blockchain Technology. 

What is Blockchain technology:

  • Blockchain technology is a decentralized system of recording and verifying transactions across a network of computers.
  • It utilizes cryptography for secure and immutable data storage. Each block in the chain contains a set of transactions, and they are linked chronologically.
  • Each block in a blockchain contains a set of transactions, and these blocks are linked together in a chronological order, forming a chain.
  • Transactions on a blockchain are transparent and can be viewed by all participants on the network while maintaining user privacy through encryption.
  • It is often associated with cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, where the blockchain records all Bitcoin transactions.

Potential uses of Blockchain technology:

  • Cryptocurrencies: Blockchain is the underlying technology for digital currencies like Bitcoin, enabling secure and transparent transactions.
  • Supply Chain: It can track the origin and movement of products, enhancing transparency and reducing fraud in supply chains.
  • Smart Contracts: Self-executing contracts automate agreement terms, ensuring trust and accuracy in various industries.
  • Identity Verification: Blockchain can securely store and verify identities, reducing identity theft.
  • Voting Systems: Enhances election security and transparency by recording votes immutably.
  • Healthcare: Enables secure and interoperable health data sharing.
  • Cross-Border Payments: Reduces costs and speeds up cross-border transactions.
  • Intellectual Property: Protects intellectual property rights by recording ownership on the blockchain.
  • Energy Trading: Supports peer-to-peer energy trading in decentralized grids.
  • Notary Services: Authenticates documents and prevents tampering.
  • Education: Verifies academic credentials and certifications.

Question: In the context of governance and technology, discuss the potential applications and challenges of blockchain technology in India.


3. 26 crore Ayushman Cards created under Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PM-JAY).

Topic: GS2 – Government initiatives.


  • The Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri – Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PM-JAY) achieved a significant milestone by issuing 26 crore Ayushman cards on 19th October 2023.

 Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PM-JAY):

  • Launched:September 23, 2018
  • Objective:To provide health insurance coverage of up to ₹5 lakh per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization to over 10.74 crores poor and vulnerable families (approximately 50 crore beneficiaries) that form bottom 40% of the Indian population.
  • Coverage:The scheme covers a wide range of secondary and tertiary care procedures, including:
    1. Inpatient care
    2. Emergency care
    3. Day care procedures
    4. Pre- and post-hospitalisation expenses
    5. Transport allowance
  • Eligibility:To be eligible for the scheme, a family must have an annual income of less than ₹1 lakh. Families that are already covered under any other government health insurance scheme are also eligible.
  • Benefits:The scheme provides cashless benefits to beneficiaries at empanelled hospitals across the country. Beneficiaries can avail of the benefits by simply presenting their Ayushman Bharat card at any empanelled hospital.
  • Implementation:The scheme is being implemented by the National Health Authority (NHA), a statutory body under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Multiple-choice question:

Which of the following statements about Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PM-JAY) are correct? 

  • AB PM-JAY is a healthcare scheme providing coverage of Rs. 10 lakhs per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization.
  • It is implemented by the National Health Authority (NHA) in India.
  • The scheme is exclusively designed for urban populations.
  • The primary focus of AB PM-JAY is on preventive healthcare services.

Select the correct option from the following:

  • Only one statement is correct
  • Only two statement are correct
  • Only three statement are correct
  • All statements are correct.

Answer:  Option A – Only one statements is correct 


  • SAB PM-JAY provides healthcare coverage of Rs. 10 lakhs per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization.
  • AB PM-JAY is implemented by the National Health Authority (NHA) in India.
  • AB PM-JAY is not exclusively for urban populations.
  • Its primary focus is on providing financial protection and healthcare services, rather than preventive healthcare.


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