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11-January -2024

1.India and UAE aspire to expand bilateral trade to US$ 100 Billion: Sh. Piyush Goyal

Topic: GS2 – International Relations – Bilateral Relations,
Relevant for UPSC as it outlines India’s aim to enhance economic ties with the UAE, emphasizing strategic partnerships and collaborations.
  • The article highlights India’s aspiration to boost bilateral trade with the UAE to US$100 billion, emphasizing the multifaceted nature of the partnership, collaborative initiatives, and the significance of the UAE India Business Summit in unlocking vast potential for mutual progress.
Bilateral Trade Aspiration:
  • Aspires to expand India-UAE bilateral trade to US$ 100 Billion. 
Diverse Collaborations:
  • Highlights multifaceted nature of India-UAE partnership, covering space exploration, security, education, and climate action.
Trade Agreements and Initiatives:
  • Points out increased bilateral trade under the India UAE Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA).
  • Emphasizes collaborations like the India-Middle East-Europe economic corridor and initiatives promoting Rupay and direct trade between rupee and dirham. 
UAE India Business Summit:
  • Stresses the significance of the UAE India Business Summit as a platform to unlock vast potential in the partnership. 
Leadership Acknowledgment:
  • Commends the leadership of H.H. Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan and Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi in enhancing bilateral relations.
  • Expresses gratitude to H.E. Dr. Thani bin Ahmed Al Zeyoudi and Sultan Ahmed bin Sulayem for their contributions in fostering the friendship between India and the UAE.
  • Acknowledges contributions of Yousuf Ali Abdulqader in fortifying bilateral ties, including significant investments in India’s growth story.
Prospects for Future Partnerships:
  • Envisions the India-UAE partnership as a defining alliance of the 21st century, rooted in shared history and aspirations for mutual progress.
  • Highlights the plan to establish Bharat Park in the Jebel Ali Free Zone, expecting it to open opportunities for international trade.
UAE’s Stability and Growth Factors:
  • Lauds UAE’s political stability, business-friendly policies, and infrastructural advancements as conducive factors for mutual growth.
  • Praises Dr. Thani’s leadership in chairing the WTO Ministerial Conference 13 and assures full support from India for its success.
India’s Invitation to Investors:
  • Invites investors to participate in India’s growth story, emphasizing the nation’s potential and demographic advantage with a young, aspirational population. 
Optimistic Commitment:
  • Reiterates the commitment of India and the UAE to forge an enduring partnership for mutual impact and prosperity.
PYQ: How will I2U2 (India, Israel, UAE and USA) grouping transform India’s position in global politics? (UPSC CSE (M) GS-2 2022) (150 words/10 m)
Practice Question: Discuss the strategic significance of India-UAE economic collaborations and partnerships, emphasizing their impact on mutual progress and global diplomatic relations. (250 words/15 m)

2. Year End Review 2023: Ministry of Tribal Affairs

Topic: GS2 – Social Justice – Vulnerable Sections – Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections
UPSC candidates should focus on tribal welfare policies, budget allocations, and initiatives for comprehensive understanding of socio-economic development.
  • The Ministry of Tribal Affairs prioritized tribal welfare, increasing the budget by 70.69%.
  • Key initiatives include PM-JANMAN, National Sickle Cell Anaemia Elimination Mission, scholarships, land rights distribution, and cultural showcases. Administrative efforts, cleanliness campaigns, and educational advancements were also highlighted.
 Budget and Financial Allocations:
  • Budget for Ministry of Tribal Affairs increased by 70.69% to Rs. 12,461.88 crore in FY 2023-24.
  • Allocation of Rs. 1,17,943.73 crore for the Development Action Plan for Scheduled Tribes (DAPST) for FY 2023-24.
Policy Initiatives and Programs:
  • Launch of Pradhan Mantri PVTG Development Mission and National Sickle Cell Anaemia Elimination Mission.
  • Introduction of Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan (PM-JANMAN) with a budget of Rs. 24,000 crores.
  • Inauguration of Aadi Mahotsav, a national tribal festival, and Eklavya Model Residential Schools in various states.
  • Pan-India celebrations for Jan Jatiya Gaurav Divas on the birth anniversary of tribal freedom fighter Bhagwan Birsa Munda.
Education and Scholarships:
  • Recruitment of over 38,000 teachers and support staff for Ekalavya Model Residential Schools.
  • Disbursement of scholarships to 32.22 lakh tribal students through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT).
  • Inauguration of Eklavya Model Residential Schools and educational tours for EMRS students.
Land Rights and Forest Rights Act:
  • Distribution of 23.43 lakh land titles totaling over 1.8 crore acres under the Forest Rights Act.
  • Efforts to protect and empower Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) through special initiatives.
International Collaborations and Showcases:
  • Collaboration with Amazon India for the ‘Amazon Future Engineer Programme’ in EMRSs.
  • Recognition of tribal heritage and craftsmanship at the G20 Summit with a focus on quality education in Eklavya Model Residential Schools.
Practice Question: How do the budgetary allocations and initiatives by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs contribute to the socio-economic development of tribal communities in India? Discuss. (150 words/10 m)

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